The menopausal indicators and foodstuff use in write-up-menopausal women ahead of and during the COVID-19 pandemic

A new study published in the Nutrition Journal when compared menopausal signs or symptoms and foods intake in submit-menopausal women before and all through the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. 

Study: Changes in Food Consumption in Postmenopausal Women during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study. Image Credit: GroundPicture/Shutterstock.comExamine: Changes in Foods Usage in Postmenopausal Ladies in the course of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Review. Graphic Credit rating: GroundPicture/


The pandemic has noticeably impacted world-wide well being units, the economy, and the food offer. Put up-menopausal women’s nutritional behavior and signs all through the critical acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak are important for mitigating long-expression well being problems.

Experiments clearly show that article-menopausal women tend to have greater sugar and refined carbohydrate consumption, main to enhanced psychological, vasomotor, urogenital, and somatic indications and slumber disturbances.

Conversely, patterns involving greens, whole grains, and unprocessed food items decreased the intensity of menopausal signs and symptoms. Obtain to nutritious foods and standard consumption of wholesome meals can reduce susceptibility to COVID-19 and its long-time period effects. Being familiar with these practices and their partnership with put up-menopausal indicators is critical for healthcare preparing.

About the analyze

In the existing longitudinal study, scientists assessed improvements in dietary styles of article-menopausal girls linked with the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak.

The survey-primarily based research was done on publish-menopausal (12 months just after the previous menstrual period of time) Brazilian women aged 40 a long time and older from January 2018 to 2021.

The team made use of the Women’s Health and fitness Questionnaire (W.H.Q.), the Kupperman-Blatt Menopausal Index (K-BMI), the Intercontinental Actual physical Exercise Questionnaire (I.P.A.Q.), the Planet Overall health Corporation (WHO) scale, and one-working day dietary remembers for facts selection.

The questionnaires included anthropometric (human body mass, waistline circumference, and top), sociodemographic (ethnicity, age, marital status, education and learning, and cash flow), medical (participant’s age at menopause), and life style (liquor ingestion and cigarette smoking standing) domains.

The workforce excluded (i) men and women with surgical menopause (ii) present most cancers analysis and utilization of chemotherapy medications (iii) untreated lively thyroid and parathyroid hormonal disorders (iv) long-term hepatic failure and (v) persistent kidney failure.

Food stuff products shown by the individuals in their dietary remembers ended up transformed from home measures to grams and milliliters using the Reference Desk for Actions of Foods Consumed in Brazil. The meals amounts have been then transformed into kilocalories employing the Dietary Composition Table of Meals Consumed in Brazil, and for individuals reporting introducing sugar to their drinks, 10% of the beverage volume was considered added sugar.

The NOVA classification was used to classify meals centered on the extent of processing into processed and ultra-processed foods and culinary preparations. The stick to-up analysis was conducted from August 2020 to January 2021.


To begin with, 288 females were recognized, amid whom 274 had been inclined to participate in the analyze, and 78 (29%) done all the assessments in the course of COVID-19. Among the the review contributors, 97% experienced not been given a COVID-19 analysis, and 80% have been isolated but employed as a result of January 2021. The signify age of the members was 56 many years, and the imply age at menopause was 48 years.

The indicate menopause period was eight several years. Among the individuals, 146 (53%) have been Whites, 145 (53%) ended up married or lived with their associates, 175 (64%) experienced their every month income less than or equivalent to two minimum amount wages, and 123 (47%) obtained schooling for equal to or a lot more than 12 years.

Even more, 105 (39%) were chubby, 147 (54%) were bodily inactive, 227 (83%) ended up non-people who smoke, and 202 (74%) did not take in liquor.

Symptom intensity was reduce throughout COVID-19 compared to pre-pandemic times. Significant improvements ended up pointed out in vasomotor, paresthesia, insomnia, nervousness, melancholy, vertigo, weak spot, head aches, palpitations, and tingling indications all through the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic compared to pre-pandemic occasions.

Protein, lipid (saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, and trans-fatty acids), processed meals, and calorie ingestion had been reduce in the course of COVID-19 than prior to. In addition, plain yogurt and milk consumption ended up decrease, whereas sweet food and sugary beverage use have been increased for the duration of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.


The research conclusions confirmed that publish-menopausal women eaten much more sugary drinks and sweet meals. In contrast, plain yogurt, milk, and processed foodstuff had been consumed considerably less throughout COVID-19 than for the duration of pre-pandemic durations.

Moreover, throughout COVID-19, macronutrients and calorie intakes have been decreased. The conclusions again up exploration from other nations, like France, Italy, Brazil, and the United States.

The results can aid the health care procedure react to put up-menopausal women’s requires for the duration of a throughout the world general public well being catastrophe.

To create a sustainable and equitable lengthy-time period treatment method, the health care method need to realign by itself to address the demands of publish-menopausal females.